# Membership

(Redirected from Member of)
 ∊

Membership (∊), also called Member In, Member Of, or Element Of, is a dyadic primitive function which tests if each of the elements of the left argument appears as an element of the right argument. Membership derives from the traditional mathematical notation ${\displaystyle \in }$ (Element of) and therefore uses that glyph (lunate epsilon).

## Examples

Both arguments can be arrays of any shape. Each element of the left argument is tested against elements of the right argument, and the result is a boolean array having the same shape as the left argument.

      'THIS NOUN'∊'THAT WORD'
1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
3 6 9∊3 3⍴⍳9
1 1 1
(3 3⍴⍳9)∊3 6 9
0 0 1
0 0 1
0 0 1

For nested arrays, Membership tests for exact match between the elements.

      'CAT' 'DOG' 'MOUSE' ∊ 'CAT' 'FOX' 'DOG' 'LLAMA'
1 1 0

### Leading axis model

The behavior of Membership was changed to follow leading axis model in some implementations such as J (spelled e.). In this case, if the right argument is a higher-rank array, the cells of the left argument with appropriate rank are compared against the major cells of the right argument.

      ]mat=.>'able';'acre';'idle'
able
acre
idle
'able' e. mat
1
(<'able') e. mat
0
'ab' e. mat
0
(3 3 4\$'able') e. mat  NB. the resulting shape is trailing axes (corresponding to the major cells of mat) removed
1 1 1
1 1 1
1 1 1

In other dialects, a leading axis membership function can be defined as:

      Membership←{(≢⍵)≥⍵⍳⍺}
⎕←mat←3 4⍴'ableacreidle'
able
acre
idle
'able' Membership mat
1