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Magnitude (|), or Absolute Value, is a monadic scalar function which gives the absolute value of a real or complex number. Magnitude shares the glyph | with the dyadic arithmetic function Residue.


      |0 1 2 ¯1 ¯2
0 1 2 1 2
      |0J2 ¯3J¯4
2 5


The magnitude of any number is a non-negative real number.

For real numbers, the magnitude equals the original number times (or divided by, for non-zero numbers) its sign.

      v0 1E¯100 20 1E300 ¯1E¯100 ¯20 ¯1E300
0 1 1 1 1 1 1

For complex numbers, the magnitude is defined as the Euclidean distance from the number 0 on the complex plane.

      Dist{0.5*+.×9 11} ⍝ Square root of square sum of real and imaginary parts
      Dist¨ 0 1J2 ¯3J4
0 2.236067977 5
      |0 1J2 ¯3J4
0 2.236067977 5
Works in: Dyalog APL

Any real or complex number is equal to the product of its signum and magnitude.

      (  ××|) 0 1 1E¯300 ¯2.5 0J3.5 ¯3J¯4
Works in: Dyalog APL

External links


APL built-ins [edit]
Primitive functions
Monadic ConjugateNegateSignumReciprocalMagnitudeExponentialNatural LogarithmFloorCeilingFactorialNotPi TimesRollTypeImaginarySquare Root
Dyadic AddSubtractTimesDivideResiduePowerLogarithmMinimumMaximumBinomialComparison functionsBoolean functions (And, Or, Nand, Nor) ∙ GCDLCMCircularComplexRoot
Structural ShapeReshapeTallyDepthRavelEnlistTableCatenateReverseRotateTransposeRazeMixSplitEncloseNestCut (K)PairLinkPartitioned EnclosePartition
Selection FirstPickTakeDropUniqueIdentitySelectReplicateExpandSet functions (IntersectionUnionWithout) ∙ Bracket indexingIndex
Selector Index generatorGradeIndex OfInterval IndexIndicesDeal
Computational MatchNot MatchMembershipFindNub SieveEncodeDecodeMatrix InverseMatrix DivideFormatExecuteMaterialise
Primitive operators Monadic EachCommuteConstantReplicateExpandReduceWindowed ReduceScanOuter ProductKeyI-beamSpawnFunction axis
Dyadic BindCompositions (Compose, Reverse Compose, Beside, Atop, Over) ∙ Inner ProductPowerAtUnderRankDepthVariantStencil
Quad names
Arrays Index originMigration level
Functions Case convert
Operators SearchReplace