# Conformability

Jump to navigation
Jump to search

**Conformability** describes the conditions that must be satisfied by arguments to dyadic scalar functions. The arguments must match in shape, taking into account scalar extension and, when it is supported, singleton extension. The criteria which determine the result shape are often considered part of conformability as well. Some functionality, such as multiple assignment, might use modified conformability rules.

Two arguments are said to conform when either

- They have identical shapes, or
- One of them is extendible (it is a scalar, or, in languages with singleton extension, has exacly one element).

The result shape associated with such arguments can then be determined:

- If the shapes matched, it is that shape
- If exactly one argument was extended, it is the other argument's shape
- Otherwise, it is the shape of the argument with the largest rank (this condition is only possible with singleton extension).

APL features [edit]
| |
---|---|

Built-ins | Primitive function ∙ Primitive operator ∙ Quad name |

Array model | Shape ∙ Rank ∙ Depth ∙ Bound ∙ Index ∙ Axis ∙ Ravel ∙ Ravel order ∙ Element ∙ Scalar ∙ Vector ∙ Matrix ∙ Simple scalar ∙ Simple array ∙ Nested array ∙ Box ∙ Cell ∙ Major cell ∙ Subarray ∙ Empty array ∙ Prototype |

Concepts and paradigms | Leading axis theory ∙ Scalar extension ∙ Conformability ∙ Scalar function ∙ Glyph ∙ Identity element |

Errors | LIMIT ERROR ∙ RANK ERROR |