Glee is a J-inspired left-to-right evaluated ASCII array language which is "targeted at applications where languages like PERL, Python, and Java have found secure homes." It has a focus on programming features which are generally uncommon in array languages, allowing variable references, complex scoping, built-in stream and socket support, pre-made container objects, fields and many others.
Glee has not been updated since 2004. No activity has been logged on the main site since that year.
Glee is designed as a more convenient APL-style language in the creator's eyes:
Glee is my-own, and to me, my-better APL. It keeps the features I enjoyed in APL and removes the warts. It supplies features I always wished APL had.
In that vein of thought, it completely abandons many tools supported in modern APL implementations.
- There are no tradfns and no dfns. All functions are declared using blocks, which take their arguments via variable references.
- The language is evaluated left to right.
- The general method of looping is via imperative looping constructs (
:while, etc.) which take blocks as arguments.
- Operators (like APL primitives) can be up to 3 symbols in length.
- All values are objects with their own properties (akin to Ruby/Perl). They can be checked using a
- Glee has numerous reserved words which all start with a
#. These provide additional functions and values outside the symbolic primitives included.
Pretty-printing is not done on values by default. Higher depth arrays can be inspected using the
Glee comes packaged with a GUI-based IDE with some debugging capability. It has been confirmed to work on Windows 10.
|APL dialects |
|Maintained||APL+Win ∙ APL2 ∙ APL64 ∙ APL\iv ∙ Aplette ∙ April ∙ Co-dfns ∙ Dyalog APL ∙ dzaima/APL ∙ Extended Dyalog APL ∙ GNU APL ∙ KAP ∙ NARS2000 ∙ Pometo|
|Historical||A Programming Language ∙ A+ (A) ∙ APL# ∙ APL\360 ∙ APL/700 ∙ APL\1130 ∙ APL\3000 ∙ APL.68000 ∙ APL*PLUS ∙ APL.jl ∙ APL.SV ∙ APLX ∙ Iverson notation ∙ IVSYS/7090 ∙ NARS ∙ ngn/apl ∙ openAPL ∙ PAT ∙ Rowan ∙ SAX ∙ SHARP APL ∙ Rationalized APL ∙ VisualAPL (APLNext) ∙ VS APL ∙ York APL|
|Derivatives||AHPL ∙ BQN ∙ CoSy ∙ ELI ∙ Glee ∙ I ∙ Ivy ∙ J ∙ Jelly ∙ Jellyfish ∙ K (Q, KDB+) ∙ Nial ∙ RAD|
|Overviews||Timeline of array languages ∙ Timeline of influential array languages ∙ Family tree of array languages|